In the previous episode I’ve claimed that there is a business case for IPv6. But since you are hopefully paranoid enough not to believe every claim someone makes on YouTube, here are the details and the rationale.
Table of Contents
00:00:45 Why the ISPs (Internet Service Providers) run out of options
00:01:03 IP (Internet Protocol), IP addresses, and IPv4 address depletion
00:02:00 Address sharing workarounds
00:04:25 IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) running out of IPv4 addresses
00:05:30 IPv4 address black market
00:06:02 Increasing demand for IPv4 addresses
00:07:42 Estimating the timeframe for the widespread availability of IPv6
00:10:31 IPv6 based “killer apps” becoming economically feasible
00:12:25 The “IPv4 Internet” falling apart
00:12:40 Carrier Grade NAT (CGN) and its impact
00:15:04 Dual Stack Lite (DS-Lite) to make things even worse
00:16:15 Providers disconnecting customers from the “IPv4 Internet”
00:18:57 Why waiting is an expensive and risky strategy
- IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
- The organization that allocates IP addresses to the RIRs.
- RIR (Regional Internet Registry)
- The five organizations that allocate IP addresses to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and large enterprises in their respective regions: AfriNIC (Africa), APNIC (Asia/Pacific), ARIN (North America), LACNIC (Latin America) and RIPE (Europe/Middle East)
- APNIC (Asia Pacific Network Information Centre)
- This was the first RIR to run out of IPv4 addresses.
- RIPE (Reseaux IP Europeen)
- The second RIR running out of addresses.
- Geoff Huston’s IPv6 presentation at RIPE 67
- This is the presentation that I’ve got most of the data I’ve mentioned from; Geoff frequently gives updates on this presentation and this is the latest one I know of.
- CGN (Carrier Grade NAT)
- A last ditch effort to make even more people use the fixed number of IPv4 addresses available.
- DS-Lite (Dual Stack Lite)
- A companion technology to CGN transporting IPv4 packets over IPv6 between end users’ home routers and a matching gateway (called an AFTR, or address family translating router).